Republic of Nauru: Nauru, or the Republic of Nauru, is a small island in the Central Pacific Ocean in Micronesia, Northeast of Australia. It is the world’s tiniest country in terms of land among Vatican City and Monaco, with a population of around 12,000. The Nauru Island, or the Republic of Nauru, lies the Northeast of Tavalu and Northwest of the Soloman Islands.

Nauru Island, the Phosphate-rock Island, has large, rich deposits near the surface, allowing efficient strip mining operations for many years.


Nauru Island or the Republic of Nauru got recognition as a League of Nations mandate administered by Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom in the 19th Century. After World War I, Nauru Island, or the Republic of Nauru, was initially inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian people and was later colonized by Germany, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

After gaining independence from Australia in 1968, Nauru became one of the wealthiest countries in the world due to its extensive phosphate mining industry—however, due to certain factors, including mismanagement of resources and environmental damage caused by mining, led to economic decline and social issues in the Island.

Due to certain factors, Nauru Island faces many challenges, including a high prevalence of obesity and diabetes, limited natural resources, and dependence on foreign aid. The nation has tried diversifying its economy and improving its infrastructure, including investments in renewable energy and tourism.

Nauru is also known for its unique culture, which includes traditional music and dance and a strong focus on community and family values. Despite its small size and challenges, Nauru’s rich history and culture thrive.

The Climate of Nauru Island has been hot and humid for years because of its proximity to the equator and the ocean. Between November and February, the Climate of Nauru Island is hit by monsoon rains but rarely has cyclones and several significant recorded droughts. The Annual rainfall of the Island is highly variable and is influenced by the El Niño–Southern Oscillation.