The north of Germany, where the majority of wind turbines are located, and the south, where the majority of solar panels are located, are becoming increasingly divided. The stability of the network can suffer consequences.

The traffic light coalition agreement states that by 2030, 80% of electricity should come from renewable sources. The rise in solar energy in the south and wind energy in the north is increasingly alarming decision-makers in Berlin because of Germany’s infamously delayed grid expansion.


Germany needs to catch up in terms of growth goals, despite a new grid expansion law going into effect in 2023. The crucial north-south power connection is exceptionally constrained.

In light of this, the findings of the annual report of the working group for collaboration between the federal government and the federal states are relatively concerning.

The Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection announced on Friday that the growth of wind and solar cells continued to follow a consistent north-south gradient (October 28).

The non-city states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), and Schleswig-Holstein accounted for almost 75%, or 1.25 gigawatts (GW), of the production-related expansion of onshore wind energy (SH).

CDU-Green alliances lead governments in NRW and SH. In Lower Saxony, the SPD collaborates with the Greens, whereas the CDU and SPD are the ruling parties in Brandenburg. Nearly half of the new photovoltaic expansion (2.8 GW) was constructed in North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg, and Bavaria.

Nearly a quarter of the photovoltaic expansion, or 2,784 megawatts (MW), was noticed in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, and North Rhine-Westphalia. While the Greens and CDU jointly lead Baden-Württemberg, the conservative CSU controls Bavaria.


Germany currently has 63 GW of photovoltaics, 57 GW of onshore wind, and 8 GW of offshore wind power. 30 GW offshore. The country must produce roughly 600 terawatt hours (TWh) of power from renewable sources to satisfy its 2030 renewable energy targets.


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